A REVIEW ON TRIVIDHA PARIKSHA AND ITS IMPORTANCE

VD . Sonali Pramodrao Mahamune, Dr. G. A. Mulik, Dr. Suhas B. Mohite

Abstract


Indian traditional medicine , Ayurveda has a great history.  Ayurveda as a holistic medicine has a sound philosophical and experimental basis. Rognidan comprises of knowledge of aetiology and  both and includes the pathology. Rog Pariksha is one of the process with the help of which we come to the certain conclusion about the nature and localization of lesion and cause of suffering of a person. Diagnostic methods in Ayurveda rely more on the physician reading of patient signs and symptoms than on diagnostic practice (subjective interpretation). Various diagnostic methods has been described in various ayurvedic texts, out of which ‘Trividhapariksha’ i.e. Darshana (Inspection), Sparshana (Palpation, Percussion), Prashana (Questionnaire) forms the basis of all.

All the other diagnostic methods explains in Ayurveda as well as modern science can  categorised under these basic ‘Trividhapariksha’.Darshan or direct observation is the first diagnostic technique of the three fold rogipareeksha method. Factors those are elicited by chakshurindriya (eyes) comes in this category. It begins with the initial greeting and continues through the entire data collection process. Observation or inspection of patient is done through the patient’s general appearance , eyes , skin, scalp hair, body hair , teeth, walking, complexion, etc. Inspection begins through active observation . Physician must note the facial expressions of patients even during interrogating the patient.  In our day to day practice we either directly or indirectly use this Trividhapariksha to arrive at certain diagnosis and give proper treatment. As , these Trividhapariksha plays a key role in diagnosis of any disease condition.  So this is  a sincere effort to elaborate the practical utility of trividhapariksha .


Keywords


Ayurveda, Roga-Rogipariksha , Trividhapariksha,Tailbindupariksha

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References


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