Dr. Nakul Seth


The fauna name Airāvatta-mandala seems to be named after Airāvatta, (elephant) was an important feudatory maṇḍala under the Bhaumas ofTosala in early medieval Odisha. It has suggested that after the downfall of Kodālaka-mandala the Airāvatta-mandala along with other two maṇḍalas like Yamagartta-mandala and Bonāi-mandala came to power under the direct control of overlord Bhaumakara dynasty. Eight sets of copper plate1charters have been discovered from Angul district, Narasinhapura of Cuttack district, and Dasapalla region of Nayagarh district. The epigraphic records of the Nandodbhavas speak six numbers of Kings Viz. Jayānanda, Pramananda, Sivananda, Devananda I, Devananda II and Dhruvānanda2 were ruling near about one hundred years under the suzerainty of the Bhaumakaras. Among them last two rulers Devananda II and Dhruvānanda3 were most powerful (may be seem independent) issued all inscriptions of the Airāvatta-mandala.

Full Text:



. Please see the inscriptions table-1.

Sahu, HGO, p.185.

Mahatab, HO, Vol. I, p. 241.

Sircar, OHRJ, Vol. II, No.-2, p.15.

Mishra, JBORS, XVII (1930-31) p. 24.

Same as reference number 03.

Sahu, HGO, p.186.


Khandapara charter of Dharmaratha, 10, IV, pp. 280 ff.

Mishra, JBORS, XVII, (1930-31), pp. 1-24.

. Mahatap, HO, Vol. I, p. 241.

Sahu, UUHO, Utkal University, 1964, p.118

Mishra, DMO, p.34.

Sircar, OHRJ, Vol. II, No.-2, p.15.

Panigrahi, OP, cit, p.142.

Sahu, UUHO, I, p.118.

Mishra, DMO, p. 34.

Mishra, DMO, p. 34.

EI, XXIX, pp.183-189 ; Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 364-365.

Tripathy, DTCOI, p. 364, fn. 1331.

Panigrahi, EI, XXVI (1941-42), pp.74-82 ; Mishra, DMO, p.36


Sircar, EI, Vol, XXVIII, pp. 325-30 ; Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 53-54.

Narasinhapur charter of Devānanandadeva, D.C. Sircar, EI, XXVIII, pp.

-336 ; Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 137-138.

Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 54 -55.

Tripathy, DTCOI, pp.137 -139.


Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 54-55.

Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 54-55.

Ibid, and fn. 33.

Karadaśranga viṣaya found in the Narasinhapur grant (here it was

residence of officer) and Jokoba copper plate of Devānanandadeva,

D.C. Sircar, EI, XXVIII, pp. 331-336; S.Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 54-55.

Rajguru, OHRJ, Vol. XV, No.1-2 (1967); Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 136-37.

Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 136-137.


K.S.Behera, EI, Vol. XI, part VI, pp.239-44; Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 51-52.

Bhandrakar’s list, No. 2043.

Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 61-62.

K.S. Behera, EI, Vol. XL, part, VI (1973), pp. 239-44.

Tripathy, DTCOI, pp. 61-62 and fn.19.


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