Impact assessment of factors affecting work life balance of female school teachers – A case study of schools in Surat city.

Mrs Dilshad Eric Bhathen

Abstract


India holds a very important place in the global education sector. The country has more than 1.4 million schools with over 227 million students enrolled and more than 36,000 higher education institutes. India is having one of the largest higher education systems. However, there is still a lot of potential for growth in the education system.

An RNCOS report titled, ‘Booming Distance Education Market Outlook 2018’ expects the distance education market in India to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of around 34 per cent during 2013-14 to 2017-18. Moreover, the aim of the government to raise its current gross enrolment ratio to 30 per cent by 2020 will also boost the growth of the distance education in India.

System of Education in India is organised bypublic sector as well as the private sector, with control restrictions and funds coming from three levels: central, state, and local. Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children between the ages of 6 and 14.

Work family conflict has been widely reported in recent times. This paper focuses on how the Work interferes with personal life as well as how Personal life interferes with work life of female school teachers.


Keywords


work life balance, female school teachers, Personal life, work life.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aarti, C., Seema, C., Bhawna, C., and Jyoti, C., (2013). Job Satisfaction among Bank Employees: An Analysis of the Contributing Variables Towards Job Satisfaction, International Journal of Scientific and Technology, 2.

Ackerberg, Daniel, Kevin, Caves, and Garth Frazer (2006). “Structural Identification of Production Functions,” MPRA Paper, 38349.

Adams, GA, King LA, King DW (1996). Relationships of job and family involvement, family social support, and work–family conflict with job and life satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology. 81: 411-420.

Beauregard, Alexandra and Lesley C. Henry (2008). “Making the link between work-life balance practices and organizational performance”, Human Resource Management Review, Vol. 19, Issue 1,

Bell, A.S., Rajendran D., Theiler S. (2012). Job stress, wellbeing, work-life balance and work-life conflict among Australian academics. Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology. 8(1): 25-37.

Burke, R.J. (2001). Organizational values, work experiences and satisfactions among managerial and professional women. J. Management Dev., 20: 346-54.

Byrne, U. (2005). "Work-Life Balance: Why are We Talking About It at All? Business Information Reviews, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. 53-59.

Campbell, D.J., Campbell, K.M., Kennard, D. (1994). The effects of family responsibilities on the work commitment and job performance of non professional women. J Occupa Organ Psych; 67: 283-96.

David, C., (2003). Managing Work-life Balance: A Guide for HR in Achieving Organisational and individual change. Chartered institute of personal and development, CIPD house, camp road, London.

Delery, J.E. and Doty, D. H., (1996). “Modes of theorizing in strategic human resource management”, Academy of Management Journal, 39, 830-835.

Department of Labor, New Zealand (2003). "International Literature Review on the Business Case for Work-Life Balance", work-life balance%20Literature% 20Review.pdf on February 15, 2008.

Fathima, N, Sahibzada SA (2012). An empirical analysis of factors affecting work life balance among university teachers: the case of Pakistan, Journal of International Academic Research. 12(1): 16-29.

Gash, V., Mertens, A., Romeu, G. L., (2010). Women between part-time and full-time work: The influence of changing hours of work on happiness and life-satisfaction, SOEP Papers No. 268, DIW Berlin.

Ghauri, P. (2004). Designing and Conducting Case studies in International Business Research. In MARSCHAN-PIEKKARI, R. and WELSCH, C. (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research methods for international business. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Giardinia, Angelo and RüdigerKabsta (2008). “Effects of work-family human resource practices: a longitudinal perspective,” The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.19, No.11, pp. 2079-2094.

Gill, S., Davidson, M.J. (2000). Problems and pressures facing lone mothers in management and professional occupations - A pilot study. Women Manag Rev.; 17: 383-99.

Hair, J.F., Black,Ascente (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis: A global Perspective. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Hakim, C. (2003). Models of the Family in Modern Societies: Ideals and Realities, Ashgate Press, Aldershot.

Hanif, A.M., (2002). X-efficiency Analysis of Commercial Banks in Pakistan: A Preliminary Investigation, The Pakistan Development Review, 41(4), 567-580.

Hashim, J. (2010). Human resource management practices on organisational commitment: The Islamic perspective. Personnel Review Vol: 39 NO: 6 pp: 785-799.

Kaplan, S.L. (2007). Business Strategy, People Strategy and Total Rewards. Benefits and Compensation Digest, Vol. 44, No. 9, pp. 12-19.

Kaur, Amarjit (2004). Costed Not Valued: Women Workers in Industrialising Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, NewYork.

Kaur, J. (2013). Work-life balance: Its correlation with satisfaction with life and personality dimensions amongst college teachers. International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services and Management Research. 2(8): 24-35.

Kawaguchi, A., (2007). Work-Life Balance Measures and Gender Division of Labour, in Mitoshi Yamaguchi (ed.) Population Change, Labor Markets and Sustainable Growth: Towards a New Economic Paradigm Contributions to Economic Analysis, Vol. 281, pp.189-209.

Kawaguchi, Daiji (2007). “A Market Test for Sex Discrimination: Evidence from Japanese Firm-Level Data,” International Journal of Industrial Organization, 19 Vol.25, No.3, pp.441-460.

Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 30 pp 607-610.

Kumar, R. (1998). Research Method: A step- by step for beginners, South Melbourne, Australia, Addision Wesley Longman.

Lakshmi, K.S., Ramachandran, T., Boohene, D. (2012). Analysis of work life balance of female nurses in hospitals - comparative study between government and private hospital in Chennai, TN., India. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance. 3(3): 213-218.

Mahamuda, P.M., and Nurul, K.M.M. (2011). Factors Affecting Employee Job Satisfaction of Pharmaceutical Sector, Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, .1(9), 113-123.

Maimunah, I. and Roziah, M. R. (2006). High-Flying Women Academics: A Question of Career Mobility. Subang Jaya: Pelanduk Publications.

Malik, M.I., Gomez, S.F., Ahmad, M., and Saif, M.I., (2010). Examining the relationship of Work Life Balance, Job Satisfaction and Turnover in Pakistan, International Journal Sustainable Development, 2(1) 27-33.

Manisha, P., (2013). A Comparative Study of Work Life balance in various Industrial Sector in Pune Region, International Journal of Marketing, Financial Services and Management Research. 2(3).

Moen, P, Kelly, E and Hill, R. (2011a). Does enhancing work-time control and flexibility reduce turnover? A naturally occurring experiment, Social problems, 58(1): 69–98.

Nadeem, M., Abbas, and Qaisar, (2009). The Impact of Work Life Conflict on Job Satisfactions of Employees in Pakistan, International Journal of Business andManagement. 4(5).

Naithani, P, Jha AN (2009). An empirical study of work and family life spheres and emergence of work-life balance initiatives under uncertain economic scenario. Growth - MTI. 37(1): 69-73.

Nayeem, MA, Tripathy MR (2012). Work-life balance among teachers of technical institutions. The Indian Journal of Industrial Relations. 47(4).

Rajadhyaksha, U, (2012). Work-life balance in South East Asia: the Indian experience. South Asian Journal of Global Business Research. 1(1): 108-127.

Rangreji, DD (2010). A study on emotional intelligence and work life balance of employees in the information technology industry in Bangalore, India. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Philosophy.

Rani, S, Kamalanabhan, Selvarani (2011). Work life balance reflections on employee satisfaction. Serbian Journal of Management. 6 (1): 85-96.

Rapoport, R., Rapoport, R.N. (1980). Work, family and the career. New York: Praeger Publishing.

Rathi, N, Barath M (2013). Work-family conflict and job and family satisfaction: Moderating effect of social support among police personnel. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal. 32(4): 438- 454.

Rehman, Hafeez, Ahmed, and Saima, (2008). An Empirical Analysis of the Determinantsof Bank Selection in Pakistan, Pakistan Economic and Social Review. 46 (2), 147-160.

Thriveni, KK, Rama DV (2012). Impact of demographic variables on work-life balance of women employees (with special reference to Bangalore City). International Journal of Advances in Management and Economics. 1(6): 226-229.

Varatharaj, V, Vasantha S (2012). Work life balances a source of job satisfaction - An exploratory study on the view of women employees in the service sector. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research. 2(3): 450-458.

Selected Reviewed Journals

The Hudson Journal of New Zealand and Australia

The Harvard Business Review( various issues)

The International Journal for Human Resource Management

The IUP Journal of Management Research

The Journal of Industrial Relations

The Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology, 1997.

The National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions Act, 2004, Vol 2.

The National Commission for Minority Educational Institutions (Amendment) Act, 2010.

The National Journal of Human Resource Practices of Malaysia.

Websites accessed:

www.abhinavjournal.com

www.bernama.com

www.eric.ed.gov

www.hudson.com

www.ibeo.com

www.portal.psz.utm

www.sciencedirect.com

www.siteresources.worldbank.org

www.wikipedia.com


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.