ABOLITION OR REFORMATION: OPINION AND SUGGESTION OF EDUCATED URBAN RESERVED AND UNRESERVED CATEGORIES CITIZENS ON INDIA’S CONSTITUTIONAL CASTE BASED ‘RESERVATION’ SYSTEM

Mahua Biswas

Abstract


In 1950 special reservation for ‘socially and economically backward classes’ was prescribed in Indian Constitution as Affirmative Action for next ten years. As per the constitution the Schedule Castes (SCs), Schedule Tribes (STs) and later Other Backward Classes (OBCs) were classified as the chosen recipients of all these social benefits and they have been receiving special conservation in public services and public educational institutes since 1950. The present study was conducted on 80 male and 80 female participants of both reserved and unreserved categories from four metro cities - Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Chennai. Most of these participants have completed their Master Degrees or above and rest have their Bachelor Degrees and age of these participants was between 21 years to 65 years. Study revealed all the participants of the reserved categories have enjoyed constitutional caste based reservation benefits and have experienced some form of social discrimination in their lives. Most of the respondents believe they are the deserving candidates for such kind of social welfare irrespective of their socio-economical situation, because it’s their constitutional right. However maximum participants of both categories have agreed all these constitutional benefits didn’t reach to the every section of ‘socio-economically backward classes’ and the reason behind that uneven distribution of social benefits are lack of education, infrastructure and awareness. On the contrary most participants of unreserved categories believe they also deserve constitutional reservation benefits since they believe constitutional rights should be equal for every Indian. An astonishing percentage of participants of unreserved categories discuss their feeling of social discrimination openly. Most of the participants of reserved and unreserved categories support reformation of constitutional reservation system instead of abolition. However for reserved categories participants the criteria of that reformation should be caste; on the contrary for unreserved categories participants that criteria should merit and economical background. However the same study should be conducted on rural educated population as well for a comprehensive picture.                                                                                                                            


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.