A Morphometric Analysis of Ravi River Basin in Himachal Pradesh

Nikesh Sharma

Abstract


Morphometric analysis of Ravi River basin in Himachal Pradesh is located in Kangra and Chamba Districts of State of Himachal Pradesh. Analysis of various morphometric attributes are done to understand the geomorphologic evolutionary stages of this basin. From the analysis it wasinferred that this basin in a matured stage. The morphometric analysis is carried out through measurement of linear, aerial and relief aspects of the basin and slope contribution to understand the run-off characteristics of the area and potentiality of basin corrosion. The measurement of various morphometric parameters namely stream order, stream length (Lu), mean stream length, bifurcation ratio, mean bifurcation ratio, drainage density, stream frequency and elongation ratio has been carried out. Structural and geomorphological features control the directions of flow of the tributaries. Drainage morphometric analysis gives overall view of the terrain information like hydrological, lithological, slope, relief, variations in the watershed, ground water recharge, porosity, soil characteristics, flood peak, rock resistant, permeability and runoff intensity and is useful for geological, hydrological, ground water prospects, civil engineering and environmental studies.

Keywords


Basin, stream order, stream number, stream length, Bifurcation Ratio, stream length ratio, drainage density, stream frequency.

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References


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