A Morphometric Analysis of Ravi River Basin in Himachal Pradesh

Nikesh Sharma


Morphometric analysis of Ravi River basin in Himachal Pradesh is located in Kangra and Chamba Districts of State of Himachal Pradesh. Analysis of various morphometric attributes are done to understand the geomorphologic evolutionary stages of this basin. From the analysis it wasinferred that this basin in a matured stage. The morphometric analysis is carried out through measurement of linear, aerial and relief aspects of the basin and slope contribution to understand the run-off characteristics of the area and potentiality of basin corrosion. The measurement of various morphometric parameters namely stream order, stream length (Lu), mean stream length, bifurcation ratio, mean bifurcation ratio, drainage density, stream frequency and elongation ratio has been carried out. Structural and geomorphological features control the directions of flow of the tributaries. Drainage morphometric analysis gives overall view of the terrain information like hydrological, lithological, slope, relief, variations in the watershed, ground water recharge, porosity, soil characteristics, flood peak, rock resistant, permeability and runoff intensity and is useful for geological, hydrological, ground water prospects, civil engineering and environmental studies.


Basin, stream order, stream number, stream length, Bifurcation Ratio, stream length ratio, drainage density, stream frequency.

Full Text:



Shaikh, M. and Birajdar, F. (2015), Analysis of watershed characteristics using Remote sensing and GIS techniques, International Journal of innovative Research in Science, Vol. 4, issue 4, pp. 1971-1976.

Kumar, A. et. al. (2015), Morphometric analysis and hydrogeomorphological implication of Paisuni River basin Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India, Vol. 5(1), pp. 68-73.

Saha, S. and Mukhopadhyay, S. (2015), Determination of significant geomorphic parameters of Kunur River basin through Principal component analysis, Vol. 4, No. 8, pp. 232-242.

Dhawaskar, P.K. (2015), Morphometric analysis of Mhadei River basin using SRTM data and GIS, Vol.3, pp. 1-7.

Rekha, V.B.(2015), Micro-watershed prioritization of Kokkaya sub-watershed, Manimala River basin, Kerala, India, International Journal of innovation and scientific research, Vol.16, No.1, pp. 86-94.

Osano, P.O. (2015), Morphometric characterization and hydrological assessments of River Njoro watershed Using System for Automated Geoscientific Analysis (SAGA) and Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) digital elevation Model, International Journal of Advances in Remote Sensing and GIS, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 37-44.

Sangle, S.A. (2015), Morphometric Analysis of Watershed of Sub-drainage of Godavari River in Marathwada, Ambad Region by using Remote Sensing, International Journal of computer applications, Vol. 125, No.5, pp. 30-35.

Strahler, A.N. (1964), Quantitative Geomorphology of Drainage basins and Channel Networks; Handbook of applied hydrology, McGraw- Hill Book Cooperation, New York. pp. 4-76.

Nishant, V. et. al. (2013), Morphometric analysis using Geographic Information System (GIS) for sustainable development of hydropower projects in the lower Satluj River catchment in Himachal Pradesh, India, International journal of Geomatics and Geosciences, No. 3(3), pp. 464-473.

Schumm, S.A (1956), Evolution of Drainage Systems & Slopes in Badlands at Perth Anboy, New Jersey, Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, No.67, pp.597-646.

Schumm, S. (1977), The fluvial system, New York: J. Willey.


  • There are currently no refbacks.