Effect of Resistance Band Training on Physical Functioning and Bone Mineral Density of Indian Women

Amitava Ghosal

Abstract


The aim of this study to classify the predictor variables and to observe the independent and group effect of physiological and fitness variables on BMD, to find out the effect of resistance exercise on Bone Mineral Density, other physiological and fitness variables. Total 34 subjects of three different age group viz. young adult (30 – 39 yr.), middle aged adult (40 – 49 yr. ) and older adult (> 50 yr.) women were complete the training programme. Forced Vital Capacity was measured through Spirometer. OSTA score was used to predict the BMD risk factors. Distal radius site BMD measured through Quantity Ultrasound. Physical functioning test included grip strength, isometric back strength, balance, proprioceptive ability and gait velocity. The 17 weeks elastic resistance-training conducted 8 – 10 exercise, 70 min/session, 3 days/week, 8 repetitions, 3 sets with 20 – 30 sec. recoveries, and according to adaptation of the load repetitions and resistance level were changed. For statistical analysis, One-Way ANCOVA, Paired sample t-test, Factor Analysis and linear regression were computed. The value of Physiological Condition (t = 8.229, P < 0.01) and Fitness Condition (t = 3.287, P < 0.01) were significant. OSTA Index (t = 2.622, P < 0.05) and velocity gait (t = -2.231, P < 0.05) independently predict the status of BMD significantly. It was concluded that the training programme was effective for all age groups of women specifically for older adult women and BMD may be improved by the improvement of selected physiological and fitness factors.


Keywords


Bone Mineral Density, Women, Physical functioning, Physiological condition, Resistance exercise

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